Bills of Lading Terms and Conditions of Carriage
If the carriage involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the country of departure,
the Warsaw Convention or the Montreal Convention may be applicable and in most cases limit the liability of
the Carrier in respect of loss of, damage or delay to cargo. Depending on the applicable regime, and unless
a higher value is declared, liability of the Carrier may be limited to 17 Special Drawing Rights per kilogram
or 250 French gold francs per kilogram, converted into national currency under applicable law. Carrier will
treat 250 French gold francs to be the conversion equivalent of 17 Special Drawing Rights unless a greater
amount is specified in the Carrier's conditions of carriage.
CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
1. In this contract and the Notices appearing hereon:
CARRIER includes the air carrier issuing this air waybill and all carriers that carry or undertake to
carry the cargo or perform any other services related to such carriage.
SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT (SDR) is a Special Drawing Right as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
WARSAW CONVENTION means whichever of the following instruments is applicable to the contract of carriage:
the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at
Warsaw, 12 October 1929;
that Convention as amended at The Hague on 28 September 1955;
that Convention as amended at The Hague 1955 and by Montreal Protocol No. 1, 2, or 4 (1975) as the case may be.
MONTREAL CONVENTION means the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage
by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999.
2./2.1 Carriage is subject to the rules relating to liability established by the Warsaw Convention or
the Montreal Convention unless such carriage is not “international carriage” as defined by the applicable
2.2 To the extent not in conflict with the foregoing, carriage and other related services performed by each
Carrier are subject to:
2.2.1 applicable laws and government regulations;
2.2.2 provisions contained in the air waybill, Carrier’s conditions of carriage and related rules, regulations,
and timetables (but not the times of departure and arrival stated therein) and applicable tariffs of such
Carrier, which are made part hereof, and which may be inspected at any airports or other cargo sales offices
from which it operates regular services. When carriage is to/from the USA, the shipper and the consignee are
entitled, upon request, to receive a free copy of the Carrier’s conditions of carriage. The Carrier’s
conditions of carriage include, but are not limited to:
188.8.131.52 limits on the Carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay of goods, including fragile or perishable
184.108.40.206 claims restrictions, including time periods within which shippers or consignees must file a claim or
bring an action against the Carrier for its acts or omissions, or those of its agents;
220.127.116.11 rights, if any, of the Carrier to change the terms of the contract;
18.104.22.168 rules about Carrier’s right to refuse to carry;
22.214.171.124 rights of the Carrier and limitations concerning delay or failure to perform service, including schedule
changes, substitution of alternate Carrier or aircraft and rerouting.
3. The agreed stopping places (which may be altered by Carrier in case of necessity) are those places,
except the place of departure and place of destination, set forth on the face hereof or shown in Carrier’s
timetables as scheduled stopping places for the route. Carriage to be performed hereunder by several successive
Carriers is regarded as a single operation.
4. For carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention applies, Carrier’s
liability limitation shall not be less than the per kilogram monetary limit set out in Carrier’s tariffs or
general conditions of carriage for cargo lost, damaged or delayed, provided that any such limitation of
liability in an amount less than 17 SDR per kilogram will not apply for carriage to or from the United States.
5./5.1 Except when the Carrier has extended credit to the consignee without the written consent of the shipper,
the shipper guarantees payment of all charges for the carriage due in accordance with Carrier’s tariff,
conditions of carriage and related regulations, applicable laws (including national laws implementing the
Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention), government regulations, orders and requirements.
5.2 When no part of the consignment is delivered, a claim with respect to such consignment will be
considered even though transportation charges thereon are unpaid.
6./6.1 For cargo accepted for carriage, the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention permit shipper
to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental
charge if required.
6.2 In carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention applies Carrier shall, in
accordance with the procedures set forth in its general conditions of carriage and applicable tariffs, permit
shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental
charge if so required.
7./7.1 In cases of loss of, damage or delay to part of the cargo, the weight to be taken into account in
determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be only the weight of the package or packages concerned.
7.2 Notwithstanding any other provisions, for “foreign air transportation” as defined by the U.S. Transportation
7.2.1 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a shipment, the weight to be used in determining Carrier’s
limit of liability shall be the weight which is used to determine the charge for carriage of such shipment; and
7.2.2 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a part of a shipment, the shipment weight in 7.2.1 shall be
prorated to the packages covered by the same air waybill whose value is affected by the loss, damage or delay.
The weight applicable in the case of loss or damage to one or more articles in a package shall be the weight of
the entire package.
8. Any exclusion or limitation of liability applicable to Carrier shall apply to Carrier’s agents, employees,
and representatives and to any person whose aircraft or equipment is used by Carrier for carriage and such
person’s agents, employees and representatives.
9. Carrier undertakes to complete the carriage with reasonable dispatch. Where permitted by applicable laws,
tariffs and government regulations, Carrier may use alternative carriers, aircraft or modes of transport without
notice but with due regard to the interests of the shipper. Carrier is authorised by the shipper to select the
routing and all intermediate stopping places that it deems appropriate or to change or deviate from the routing
shown on the face hereof.
10. Receipt by the person entitled to delivery of the cargo without complaint shall be prima facie evidence that
the cargo has been delivered in good condition and in accordance with the contract of carriage.
10.1 In the case of loss of, damage or delay to cargo a written complaint must be made to Carrier by the
person entitled to delivery. Such complaint must be made:
10.1.1 in the case of damage to the cargo, immediately after discovery of the damage and at the latest within 14
days from the date of receipt of the cargo;
10.1.2 in the case of delay, within 21 days from the date on which the cargo was placed at the disposal of the
person entitled to delivery.
10.1.3 in the case of non-delivery of the cargo, within 120 days from the date of issue of the air waybill, or
if an air waybill has not been issued, within 120 days from the date of receipt of the cargo for transportation
by the Carrier.
10.2 Such complaint may be made to the Carrier whose air waybill was used, or to the first Carrier or to the
last Carrier or to the Carrier, which performed the carriage during which the loss, damage or delay took place.
10.3 Unless a written complaint is made within the time limits specified in 10.1 no action may be brought
10.4 Any rights to damages against Carrier shall be extinguished unless an action is brought within two years
from the date of arrival at the destination, or from the date on which the aircraft ought to have arrived, or
from the date on which the carriage stopped.
11. Shipper shall comply with all applicable laws and government regulations of any country to or from which the
cargo may be carried, including those relating to the packing, carriage or delivery of the cargo, and shall
furnish such information and attach such documents to the air waybill as may be necessary to comply with such
laws and regulations. Carrier is not liable to shipper and shipper shall indemnify Carrier for loss or expense
due to shipper’s failure to comply with this provision.
12. No agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive any provisions of
HORIZON AIR FREIGHT
Herein referred to as the company
Do not dispose of any part of a shipment until you have received ALL packages held for Customs examination. If
you are unable to redeliver to Customs on demand, severe penalties may result.
It is agreed that if the property covered by this bill is entrusted or delivered to any express company,
truckman, steamship, railroad or other carrier whether named in this bill or not (which the Company is hereby
authorized to do, subject to all the usual conditions of transportation and limitations of liability of such
carriers and others), such person or company so selected shall be regarded exclusively as the agent of the
shipper, consignee or owner of said property, and as such alone liable, and the Company shall not be in any
event responsible for the negligence or non-performance of such company or person, nor for any error of judgment
of mis-interpretation of instructions, and in no event shall the shipper, consignee or owner of said property
demand or recover beyond the sum of $50.00 for the invoice value, unless liability for higher sums be
specifically requested in writing and accepted by the Company in writing. The foregoing terms and conditions
shall also apply to all transactions handled by the Company for your account henceforth.
If you are the importer or record, payment to the Broker will not relieve you of liability for Customs charges,
in the event the charges are not paid by the Broker. Therefore, if you pay by check Customs charges may be
paid with a separate check payable to the “U.S. Customs Service”.
All Duty paid is estimated and is subject to adjustment on final liquidation by U.S. Customs.
Horizon Air Freight merely acts as agent and, while exercising care in the selection of truckmen and transfer
companies assumes no responsibility for breakage, theft or pilferage in transit.
OCEAN EXPORTS - BILL OF LADING TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE
“Cargo” means the goods, property, freight and or merchandise described on the face hereof, whether packed in Containers or not, and whether carried on or under deck and includes any Container not supplied by or on behalf of the Carrier. “Carriage” means the whole of the operations and services undertaken by the Carrier or a Subcontractor with respect to the Cargo. “Carrier” means HORIZON AIR FREIGHT, INC., on whose behalf this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading has been issued as indicated on the face hereof. “Container” includes any container, trailer, transportable tank, flat rack or pallet or any similar article used for the transportation of cargo. “Dangerous or Hazardous Goods” includes any Cargo classified or described as dangerous in the Dangerous Goods code issued by the International Maritime Organization (the “IMO CODE”) or in the applicable tariff and any Cargo that could present or could be likely to present any hazard to the conveyance in which it is carried or to other Cargo or property or to any person. “Holder” means any person in possession of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading to whom the title in the Cargo has passed upon or by reason of the consignment of the Cargo or the endorsement of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading or otherwise. “Merchant” includes the consignor, shipper, Holder, consignee, the receiver of the Cargo, any person, including any corporation, company or other legal entity, owning or entitled to the possession of the Cargo or this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading or anyone acting on behalf of any such person. “Multi-Modal Transportation” means the Carriage of Cargo under this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading by a Vessel and one or more inland carriers for a single freight charge to the Merchant. “Non-Negotiable” means that this Bill of Lading is not a document of title, unless the words “TO ORDER” appear in the consignee box on the face hereof. “Subcontractor” shall include direct and indirect subcontractors of the Carrier and their respective servants and agents, including, but not limited to, warehousemen, stevedores, container freight stations, and motor truck carriers. “Vessel” includes the vessel set forth on the front page hereof, as well as any vessel, ship, craft, lighter or other means of transport, which is or shall be substituted, in whole or in part, for the vessel set forth on the front face hereof.
These Terms and Conditions shall apply to all modes of Carriage utilized to transport the Cargo, and the Carrier’s responsibility to the Merchant for the Cargo shall terminate at the time of delivery under Clause 12.
2. Issuance of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading
2.1. By issuance of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, the Carrier undertakes to perform and/or in its own name to procure the performance of the entire Carriage, from the place at which the Carrier takes charge of the Cargo (place of receipt evidenced in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading) to the place of delivery designated in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading;
2.2.The information in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading shall be prima facie evidence of the taking in charge by the Carrier of the Cargo as described by such information unless a contrary indication, such as "shipper's weight, load and count", "shipper-packed container" or similar expressions, has been made in the printed text or written on this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading.
3. Agreement to Terms and Conditions
The Merchant warrants that it is authorized to arrange for the Carriage of the Cargo and accepts the Terms and Conditions of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading.
4. Dangerous or Hazardous Goods and Indemnity
4.1. The Merchant shall comply with mandatory rules according to the applicable national law or by reason of international convention relating to the Carriage of goods of a dangerous or hazardous nature, and shall in any case inform the Carrier in writing of the exact nature of the danger or hazard, before Cargo of a dangerous or hazardous nature is taken in charge by the Carrier and indicate to it the precautions to be taken.
4.2. If the Merchant fails to provide such information and the Carrier is unaware of the dangerous or hazardous nature of the Cargo and the necessary precautions to be taken, and if, at any time, it is deemed to be a hazard to life or property, the Cargo may at any place be unloaded, destroyed or rendered harmless, as circumstances may require, without compensation. The Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage, liability, or expense arising out of such dangerous or hazardous Cargo being taken in charge, or its Carriage, or of any service incidental thereto. The burden of proving that the Carrier knew the exact nature of the danger constituted by the Carriage of the said Cargo shall be on the Merchant.
4.3. If any Cargo shall become a danger to life or property, it may in like manner be unloaded or landed at any place or destroyed or rendered harmless. If such danger was not caused by the fault and neglect of the Carrier, it shall have no liability and the Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage, liability and expense arising therefrom.
5. Description of Cargo and Merchant's Packing and Inspection
5.1. The Merchant shall be deemed to have guaranteed to the Carrier the accuracy, at the time the Cargo was taken into the charge of the Carrier, of all particulars relating to the general nature of the Cargo, including, without limitation, its marks, number, weight, volume and quantity and, if applicable, the dangerous character of the Cargo, as furnished by the Merchant or on its behalf for insertion on the Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading. The Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage and expense resulting from any inaccuracy or inadequacy of such particulars. The Merchant shall remain liable even if the Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading has been transferred by the Merchant.
5.2. a) The Merchant agrees that it shall inspect the Container before loading the Cargo and shall warrant and certify to the Carrier that the Container is in satisfactory condition and fit for the stowage of the Cargo. b) The Carrier shall not be liable for any damage, delay, expense or loss of the Cargo caused by defective or insufficient packing of Cargo or by inadequate loading or packing within Containers or other transport units when such loading or packing has been performed by the Merchant or on its behalf by a person other than the Carrier. The Carrier shall not be liable for any damage, delay, expense or loss of the Cargo caused by the defect or unsuitability of the Containers or other transport units supplied by the Merchant, or if supplied by the Carrier if a defect or unsuitability of the Container or other transport unit would have been apparent upon reasonable inspection by the Merchant. The Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier against all loss, damage, liability and expense so caused.
6. Carrier's Liability
6.1. Arrival times are not guaranteed by the Carrier.
6.2. If the Cargo has not been delivered within ninety days of the anticipated date of delivery, the Cargo shall be deemed lost, in the absence of evidence to the contrary.
6.3. When the Carrier establishes that damage, delay, expense or loss of the Cargo could be attributed to one or more causes or events specified in a - e of the present clause, it shall be presumed that it was so caused, always provided, however, that the claimant shall be entitled to prove that the loss or damage was not, in fact, caused wholly or partly by one or more of such causes or events: a) an act or omission of the Merchant, or person other than the Carrier acting on behalf of the Merchant or from which the Carrier took the Cargo in its charge; b) insufficiency or defective condition of the packaging or marks and/or numbers; c) handling, loading, stowage or unloading of the Cargo by the Merchant or any person acting on behalf of the Merchant; d) inherent vice of the Cargo; e) strike, lockout, stoppage or restraint of labor.
6.4. Notwithstanding Clauses 6.2 and 6.3 the Carrier shall not be liable for damage, delay, expense or loss of the Cargo with respect to Cargo carried by sea, inland waterways, motor carrier or rail when such damage, delay, expense or loss of the Cargo has been caused by: a) act, neglect, or default of the master, mariner, pilot or the servants of the Carrier in the navigation or in the management of the ship; b) fire, unless caused by the actual fault or privity of the carrier, however, always provided that whenever loss or damage has resulted from unseaworthiness of the ship, the Carrier can prove that due diligence has been exercised to make the ship seaworthy at the commencement of the voyage.
7. Paramount Clauses
7.1. These Terms and Conditions shall only take effect to the extent that they are not contrary to international conventions or national law compulsorily applicable to the contract evidenced by this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading.
7.2. The Hague Rules contained in the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading, dated Brussels 25th August 1924, or in those countries where they are already in force the Hague-Visby Rules contained in the Protocol of Brussels, dated 23rd February 1968, as enacted in the country of shipment, shall apply to all Carriage of Cargo by sea and also to the Carriage of Cargo by inland waterways, and such provisions shall apply to all Cargo whether carried on deck or under deck.
7.3. The United States of America Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (“COGSA”), 46 U.S.C. section 1300 et seq., shall apply to the carriage of the Cargo by sea in foreign trade, whether on deck or under deck, if compulsorily applicable to this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading or would be applicable but for the goods being carried on deck in accordance with a statement on this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading.
7.4. Merchant expressly agrees to a waiver of the United States of America Carmack Amendment, (“Carmack”) 49 U.S.C. sections 14706 and/or 11706 liability scheme if Carmack is compulsorily applicable to any stage of the Multi-Modal Transportation.
8. Limitation of Carrier's Liability
8.1. The value of Cargo lost, damaged, or delayed shall be determined by the commercial invoice value of the Cargo at the port of exportation or the entered value declared to the Customs officials at the port of importation, whichever is less.
8.2. The Carrier does not undertake the Cargo shall arrive at the port of discharge or place of delivery at any particular time or to meet any particular market. The Carrier shall in no circumstances be liable for any indirect or consequential loss caused by delay or any other cause.
8.3. When an ocean container or trailer or similar conveyance is loaded with more than one package or unit, such ocean container or trailer or similar conveyance shall be deemed the package or unit.
8.4. In the event of damage or loss occurring during ocean transportation moving between ports of the United States, COGSA shall not apply but rather the U.S. Harter Act shall apply, 46 U.S.C. section 190 et seq., and the liability of the Carrier shall not exceed $50 per shipment unless the nature and value of the Cargo have been declared by the Merchant and inserted in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading and the ad valorem freight rate paid.
8.5. In the event of damage or loss occurring during ocean transportation moving to or from the United States in foreign trade, the liability of Carrier shall not exceed U.S.$500 per package or unit unless the nature and value of the Cargo have been declared by the Merchant and inserted in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading and the ad valorem freight rate paid.
8.6. When it cannot be ascertained at what stage of the Multi-Modal Transportation the damage or loss of the Cargo occurred the damage shall be presumed to have occurred before loading on the vessel or after discharge from the vessel and unless the nature and value of the Cargo have been declared by the Merchant and inserted in this Non-
Negotiable Bill of Lading, and the ad valorem freight rate paid, the liability of the Carrier shall not exceed U.S.$500 per package or unit or U.S.$0.50 per lbs. of gross weight of the Cargo lost, damaged or delayed, whichever is less.
8.7. When the damage, delay, expense, or loss of the Cargo occurred during a particular stage of the Multi-Modal Transportation, in respect of which an applicable international convention or mandatory national law governs, liability for such loss or damage shall be determined by reference to the provisions of such international convention or mandatory national law.
8.8. If the Carrier selects a motor or rail carrier to perform any portion of the Multi-Modal Transportation in the United States of America, the Merchant agrees to a waiver of Carmack liability and any time-for-suit provisions to the extent Carmack may apply. Unless the nature and value of the Cargo have been declared by the Merchant and inserted in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, and the ad valorem freight rate paid, the liability of the Carrier shall not exceed U.S.$500 per package or unit or U.S.$0.50 per lbs.of gross weight of the Cargo lost, damaged or delayed, whichever is less.
8.9. Subject to the provisions 8.1 through 8.8 the Carrier shall in no event be or become liable for any loss of damage to the goods in an amount exceeding the equivalent of 666.67 SDR per package or unit or 2 SDR per kilogram of gross weight of the goods lost or damaged, whichever is the higher, unless the nature and value of the goods shall have been declared by the Merchant and accepted by the Carrier before the goods have been taken in his charge, or the ad valorem freight rate paid, and such value is stated in the Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading by the Merchant, then such declared value shall be the limit.
8.91. The aggregate liability of Carrier shall not exceed the limits of liability for total loss of the goods.
9. Applicability to All Actions
These Terms and Conditions apply to all claims against the Carrier relating to the performance of the contract evidenced by this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, whether the claim is founded in contract or in tort, including, but not limited to, claims for indemnity and contribution.
10. Liability of Subcontractors, Servants, Agents, or Other Persons
10.1. These Terms and Conditions apply whenever claims relating to the performance of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading are made against any Subcontractor, servant, agent or other person (including any independent contractor) whose services have been used in order to perform the contract of carriage, whether such claims are founded in contract or in tort, including, but not limited to, claims for indemnity and contribution and the aggregate liability of the Carrier and of such Subcontractors, servants, agents or other persons shall not exceed the limits set forth in Clause 8.
10.2. In entering into this contract as evidenced by this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, the Carrier, to the extent of these provisions, does not only act on its own behalf, but also as agent for the class of persons identified in Clause 10.1, and such persons shall to that extent be or be deemed to be parties to this contract.
10.3. If the loss of or damage to the Cargo resulted from an intentional act or omission of the class of persons identified in Clause 10.1, done with intent to cause damage, or recklessly and with knowledge that damage would probably result, such Subcontractor, servant, agent or other person shall not be entitled to the benefit of the limitation of liability set forth in Clause 8.
10.4. The aggregate of the amounts recoverable from the Carrier and the class of persons identified in Clause 10.1 shall not exceed the limits provided for in these Terms and Conditions.
11. Method and Route of Transportation
Without notice to the Merchant, the Carrier has the liberty to carry the Cargo on or under deck and to choose or substitute the means, route, and procedure to be followed in the handling, stowage, storage, and transportation of the Cargo.
12.1. The Cargo shall be deemed to be delivered when it has been delivered to or placed at the disposal of the Merchant or its agent in accordance with this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, or when the Cargo has been delivered to any authority or other party to which, pursuant to the law or regulation applicable at the place of delivery, the Cargo must be delivered, or such other place at which the Carrier is entitled to call upon the Merchant to take delivery.
12.2. The Carrier shall also be entitled to store the Cargo at the sole risk of the Merchant, and the Carrier's liability shall cease upon the Carrier’s tender/delivery of the Cargo to the appointed warehouse or storage facility. The cost of such storage shall be paid, upon demand, by the Merchant to the Carrier.
12.3. If at any time the Carriage under this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading is or is likely to be affected by any hindrance or risk of any kind (including the condition of the Cargo) not arising from any fault or neglect of the Carrier or a Subcontractor that cannot be avoided by the exercise of reasonable diligence, the Carrier may: abandon the Carriage of the Cargo under this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading and, where reasonably practicable, place the Cargo or any part of it at the Merchant's disposal at any place that the Carrier may deem safe and convenient, whereupon delivery shall be deemed to have been made, and the responsibility of the Carrier in respect of such Cargo shall cease. In any event, the Carrier shall be entitled to full freight under this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading and the Merchant shall pay any additional costs arising out of the aforementioned circumstances.
12.4 If this document constitutes a negotiable bill of lading, all original bills of lading, properly endorsed, must be surrendered when the cargo is delivered. If the person receiving the Goods from the Carrier wishes to surrender fewer than all the original bills of lading that were issued, and if the Carrier agrees to deliver against fewer than all the originals, the person receiving the Goods hereby agrees to indemnify the Carrier against all damages which the Carrier may be liable to pay as a result of delivering the Goods without surrender of all original bills of lading.
13. Freight Charges and Expenses
13.1. Freight charges shall be paid without any reduction or deferment on account of any claim, counterclaim or set-off, whether prepaid or payable at destination. Freight charges shall be deemed earned by the Carrier upon its receipt of the Cargo. Earned freight charges are non-refundable.
13.2. Freight charges and all other amounts set forth in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading are to be paid in the currency named in this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading or, at the Carrier's option, in the currency of the country of origin or destination.
13.3. The Merchant shall reimburse the Carrier for any duties, taxes, demurrage, detention, charges or other expenses in connection with the Cargo.
13.4. The Merchant shall reimburse the Carrier for any costs for deviation or delay or any other increase of costs of whatever nature caused by war, military or warlike actions, epidemics, riots, strikes, government directions or force majeure.
13.5. The Merchant warrants the accuracy of the declaration of contents, weight, measurements or value of the Cargo, but the Carrier has the liberty to have the contents inspected and the weight, measurements or value verified. If on such inspection it is found that the declaration is not correct, it is agreed that a sum equal either to five times the difference between the correct figure and the freight charges, or to double the correct freight charges less the freight charged, whichever sum is less, shall be payable as liquidated damages to the Carrier for its inspection costs and losses of freight charges on other Cargo notwithstanding any other sum having been stated on this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading as freight charges payable.
13.6. Despite the acceptance by the Carrier of instructions to collect freight charges or other expenses from any other person in respect of the transport under this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading, the Merchant shall remain responsible for such monies on receipt of evidence of demand and the absence of payment for whatever reason. Shipper, consignee, and bill-to party are jointly and severally liable for all charges related to this shipment. Charges may be reversed to the responsible parties if shipment is refused or payment is not made by the original bill-to party.
14.1. The Carrier shall have a lien on any and all of the Merchant’s property for all advances, claims, costs, freight charges, duties, taxes, demurrage, money and liabilities due and payable to the Carrier whether or not relating to this particular bill of lading, including any lien and collection related costs. The lien on the Cargo shall survive delivery to the Merchant. Carrier may sell the Cargo privately or by public auction without notice to the Merchant. If on sale of the Cargo the proceeds fail to satisfy the amount due, and the cost and expenses incurred, the Carrier shall be entitled to recover any difference from the Merchant.
14.2. If the Cargo is unclaimed after 30 days from date the Cargo is placed at the disposal of the Merchant, or whenever in the Carrier’s judgment the Cargo will become deteriorated, decayed or worthless, the Carrier may, at its discretion and subject to its lien and without any responsibility attaching to it, sell, abandon, or otherwise dispose of such Cargo solely at the risk and expense of the Merchant.
15. General Average
The Merchant shall indemnify the Carrier in respect of any claims of a General Average nature that may be made on it and shall provide such security as may be required by the Carrier in that connection.
16.1. Unless the Merchant provides written notice to the Carrier of the general nature of any loss or damage to the Cargo at the time that the Carrier delivers the Cargo to the Merchant in accordance with Clause 12, such delivery by the Carrier is prima facie evidence of the Carrier’s delivery of the Cargo in good order and condition.
16.2. Where the loss or damage is not apparent and/or latent, the same prima facie presumption shall apply if notice in writing is not given within 3 days after the day when the Cargo was delivered to the Merchant in accordance with Clause 12.
17. Time bar
The Carrier shall be discharged of all liability unless suit is brought against the Carrier within one year from the date of delivery or the date on which the Cargo should have been delivered.
18. Partial Invalidity
If any clause or a part thereof is held to be invalid, the validity of this Non-Negotiable Bill of Lading and the remaining clauses or a part thereof shall not be affected.
19. Mandatory Venue, Jurisdiction, and Applicable Law
Merchant agrees that all claims or disputes hereunder or questions arising out of the Carriage of Cargo shall be determined solely in the United States District Court for the Central District of California, to the exclusion of all other courts, and the Merchant and Carrier each agree to submit to the personal jurisdiction of that court; provided, however, where the Vessel operator issues a bill of lading for the transportation of the Cargo that includes a mandatory venue clause for a mandatory venue other than the United States District Court for the Central District of California, the Merchant expressly agrees to be bound by the mandatory venue clause of the Vessel operator’s bill of lading for any claims, disputes, or questions that the Merchant has against the Carrier and any Subcontractor. Merchant agrees that equity and judicial efficiency require that a single action shall resolve all claims, disputes, or questions arising out of the Carriage of Cargo.
DOMESTIC SHIPMENTS - BILL OF LADING TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE
1. In tendering the shipment described herein for carriage Shipper agrees to these Conditions of Contract,
which no agent or employee of the parties may alter, and that is Airbill is non-negotiable and has been prepared
by him or his behalf by the carrier.
2. It is mutually agreed that the shipment described herein is accepted on the date hereof in apparent good
order (except as noted) for carriage as specified herein, subject to governing classifications and tariffs in
effect, as of the date hereof which are filed in accordance with law. Said classifications and tariffs are
available for inspection by the parties hereto and are hereby incorporated into and made part of this contract
3. Declared Value is agreed and understood to be not more than the value stated in the governing tariffs for
each pound of which charges are assessed, unless a higher value is declared herein and applicable charges paid
4. Shipper must enter the amount of any Shipper’s C.O.D. which shall be collected subject to the fee and rules
of the delivering carrier.
5. Delivery will be made by the delivering carrier to the Consignee at a point where delivery service is
available at applicable tariff charges unless instructions to deliver at city terminal or airport terminal are
specified by Shipper under Special instructions.
6. If Dimensional Weight applies under tariff rule show dimensions in inches on Airbill, thus:
Length x Width x Depth = Cubic Inches.
7. Shipment may be diverted to motor or other carrier as per tariff rule unless Shipper gives other
8. Limits of Liability: Horizon Air Freight shall be liable for 50˘ per lb. or $50 whichever is greater
unless a higher valuation is declared by the Shipper.
TRUCKING/CARTAGE AND WAREHOUSING - BILL OF LADING TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF CARRIAGE
IMPORTANT: The liability of Horizon Air Freight or the truckman / warehouseman to which this shipment is entrusted is limited to fifty dollars ($50.00) per shipment unless a greater valuation is declared and charges for such greater value paid. Further, liability for higher sums must be specifically requested in writing and accepted by Horizon Air Freight or the truckmen / warehousemen in writing.